R8. The Salt Mountain

Surrounding the Salinas Lagoon.

Rubial pond - Villena

Panoramic view of Rubial pond belonging to the Irrigation Community of the Huerta
and Partidas de Villena with a capacity of 140,000 m3.

Old lagoon of Villena

An area of the old Villena lagoon, now desiccated and used for cultivation.

Saleros de Penalva

Drying ponds of one of the salt flats in the town, the Saleros de Penalva.

Saleros de Penalva


Saleros de Penalva


Villa San Francisco

Farm Casas de Zaricejo, with its “Villa San Francisco”.

Garrincho de Salinas Well

Almost 820 m deep and used historically to supply Elda.

The Salinas Lagoon

Panoramic view from the east.

Rambla de les Tres Fonts

It constitutes the natural drainage of the Salt Mountain
and gives the salty character to the water of it.

Pinoso - Facilities

Facilities of the Leasing Company of
La Mata and Torrevieja salt flats in the Cabezo de la Sal.

Fountain of Los Burros or Mercado

Where the fisura mine gallery flows.

El Cabezo de la Sal of Pinoso

Doline of vertical walls.

Ruta 8: The Salt Mountain

The visitor understands the importance of water in general and groundwater in particular in everyday life.

This 42.6 km journey (not including the microroutes) starts in Villena and ends at Cabezo de la Sal de Pinoso. Along the route we will cross the streets of Villena, to follow the route under our feet of the old galleries of water. Captions dug under the city to supply the population and irrigate nearby fields.

We will also visit the salt flats, artificial lagoons in which the hypersaline waters of springs and soundings evaporate to obtain tons of mineral white. Further southwest, crossing beautiful fields of vineyards irrigated by drip irrigation thanks to various wells, we will reach the town of Salinas, where we can walk through its natural lagoon, surrounded by the typical halophilous vegetation.

Finally, we will go to Pinoso and cross an enormous irrigation pond belonging to the Júcar-Vinalopó waterway. We will visit another wetland saline, the lagoon of El Rodriguillo and we will ascend until the one known as Cabezo, Turó or Salt Mountain, that gives title to this route.

In this salt dome we will end the day, between dolines, soundings that serve to exploit the salt of its interior, a salty spring and the beginning of the salmueroducto Pinoso-Torrevieja.

Route 8

Download the chapter about this route.


Download only the itinerary.


Download only the PDF map.


  • Scientific interest 80%
  • Didactical interest 20%
  • Recreational interest 60%
  • Scenic value 40%
  • Difficulty 40%

Highlighted Places of Hydrogeological Interest

Doline of vertical walls of Pinoso

The dolines of the saline dome of Pinoso

A visit for the saline dome of Pinoso allows to observe the typical ruiniform terrain and badlands that the erosion originates in the clay-sandy triassic materials that compose this mountain.

In addition, morphologies such as caves, chasms and dolinas appear, also present in gypsum and salt lithologies, which are much more soluble than limestone.

The Pinoso dolines are made up of numerous depressions in the terrain, more or less circular, which are concentrated in a small area on the highest part of the mountain, giving rise to a field of dolines.


Old town of Villena


The town of Villena has elements that are intimately related to groundwater and its use, although it should be borne in mind that the infrastructure of this microroute is not directly visitable. Under the town centre of Villena there are two galleries that historically collected the waters of several boreholes and allowed both agricultural irrigation and urban supply, it is the Mina del Rosario, which carries the water to the irrigation pond, and the Mina Fisura, which flows into the Fountain of the Donkeys.


Download it in PDF

Doline of vertical walls of the Cabezo de la Sal

El Cabezo de la Sal of Pinoso

The starting point of this microroute is close to the facilities of the leasing company of the salt flats of Torrevieja, which are above the saline dome. The route, less than 3 km long, will allow you to observe some of the facilities and infrastructures that are necessary for the exploitation of the salt of this dome. It is recommended to make the itinerary on foot, remembering that a few precautions must be taken when visiting the numerous dolinas in the area, avoiding getting too close to their mouths.

Download it in PDF

Diseño y maquetación web: